State of the Policy

datascience@berkeley looked at each president’s first State of the Union address — from Woodrow Wilson to Donald J. Trump — to find out how often they mentioned these words.

Donald J. Trump

Party: Republican
Year: 2018
Total Word Count: 5,799

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Border60.1034661148
Crime60.1034661148
Drugs100.1724435247
Economy40.0689774099
Guns10.01724435247
Immigration110.1896878772
Military40.0689774099
Prison20.03448870495
Terrorism90.1551991723

Barack Obama

Party: Democrat
Year: 2010
Total Word Count: 7,304

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Border20.0273822563
Drugs10.01369112815
Economy180.2464403067
Housing20.0273822563
Immigration20.0273822563
Medicaid/Medicare50.06845564074
Military20.0273822563
Terrorism20.0273822563

George W. Bush

Party: Republican
Year: 2002
Total Word Count: 3,878

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Border30.07735946364
Drugs20.05157297576
Economy70.1805054152
Environment10.02578648788
Medicaid/Medicare10.02578648788
Magnificently10.025786488
Military40.1031459515
Prison10.02578648788
Terrorism340.8767405879

Bill Clinton

Party: Democrat
Year: 1994
Total Word Count: 7,432

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Border10.01345532831
Crime160.215285253
Drugs110.1480086114
Economy130.174919268
Environment40.05382131324
Guns70.09418729817
Housing10.01345532831
Medicaid/Medicare40.05382131324
Military50.06727664155
Prison10.01345532831
Terrorism10.01345532831

George Bush Sr.

Party: Republican
Year: 1990
Total Word Count: 3,777

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Crime10.02647603918
Drugs50.1323801959
Economy40.1059041567
Environment70.1853322743
Housing10.02647603918
Immigration10.02647603918
Military60.1588562351
Prison10.02647603918

Ronald Reagan

Party: Republican
Year: 1982
Total Word Count: 5,154

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Crime20.0388048118
Drugs10.0194024059
Economy200.388048118
Medicaid/Medicare30.05820721769
Military80.1552192472
Terrorism10.0194024059

James Carter, Jr.

Party: Democrat
Year: 1978
Total Word Count: 4,580

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Economy260.5676855895
Housing10.02183406114
Military50.1091703057
Prison10.02183406114

Gerald Ford

Party: Republican
Year: 1975
Total Word Count: 4,126

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Economy180.4362578769
Environment40.09694619486
Military70.169655841

Richard Nixon

Party: Republican
Year: 1970
Total Word Count: 4,457

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Crime90.201929549
Economy70.1570563159
Environment40.08974646623
Housing20.04487323312
Military30.06730984967

Lyndon B. Johnson

Party: Democrat
Year: 1964
Total Word Count: 3,168

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Border20.06313131313
Economy60.1893939394
Housing40.1262626263
Immigration10.03156565657
Military30.0946969697

John F. Kennedy

Party: Democrat
Year: 1961
Total Word Count: 5,274

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Border10.01896094046
Economy250.4740235116
Environment10.01896094046
Housing30.05688282139
Military50.09480470231

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Party: Republican
Year: 1953
Total Word Count: 6,973

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Drugs10.01434102969
Economy310.4445719203
Environment10.01434102969
Housing20.02868205937
Immigration40.05736411874
Military120.1720923562

Harry S. Truman

Party: Democrat
Year: 1946
Total Word Count: 27,465

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Crime10.003640997633
Economy880.3204077917
Environment10.003640997633
Housing370.1347169124
Immigration10.003640997633
Military150.0546149645
Prison10.003640997633
Refugees20.007281995267

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Party: Democrat
Year: 1934
Total Word Count: 2,230

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Crime10.04484304933
Economy30.134529148

Herbert Hoover

Party: Republican
Year: 1929
Total Word Count: 10,994

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Border10.009095870475
Crime40.0363834819
Economy160.1455339276
Housing10.009095870475
Immigration40.0363834819
Military10.009095870475
Prison70.06367109332

Calvin Coolidge

Party: Republican
Year: 1923
Total Word Count: 6,706

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Crime20.02982403817
Drugs10.01491201909
Economy80.1192961527
Housing10.01491201909
Immigration30.04473605726
Prison20.02982403817
Very50.074560095

Warren Harding

Party: Republican
Year: 1921
Total Word Count: 5,606

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Economy100.1783803068

Woodrow Wilson

Party: Democrat
Year: 1913
Total Word Count: 3,553

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Economy20.05629045877
Military10.02814522938

Frequency adjusted for speech length.
Similar variations of words were combined. For example: immigrant, immigrants, and immigration are all categorized under “immigration.”

Source: The American Presidency Project — http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/sou.php