State of the Economy

datascience@berkeley looked at each president’s first State of the Union address — from Woodrow Wilson to Donald J. Trump — to find out how often they mentioned the economy.

Donald J. Trump

Party: Republican
Year: 2018
Total Word Count: 5,799

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Business60.08622176237
Income20.03448870495
Jobs130.1207104673
Poverty10.01724435247
Recession10.01724435247
Taxes160.2586652871
Unemployment30.05173305742
Dollar30.05173305742
Economy40.05173305742

Barack Obama

Party: Democrat
Year: 2010
Total Word Count: 7,304

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Banks80.1095290252
Budget60.08214676889
Business300.4107338445
Debt50.06845564074
Dollar20.0273822563
Economy180.2464403067
Employer10.01369112815
Employment20.0273822563
Finance120.1642935378
Income50.06845564074
Jobs230.3148959474
Money40.0547645126
Poverty10.01369112815
Recession60.08214676889
Stimulus10.01369112815
Taxes230.3148959474
Unemployment40.0547645126

George W. Bush

Party: Republican
Year: 2002
Total Word Count: 3,878

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Budget70.1805054152
Business10.02578648788
Debt10.02578648788
Dollar10.02578648788
Economy70.1805054152
Employee20.05157297576
Finance10.02578648788
Jobs110.2836513667
Money10.02578648788
Poverty10.02578648788
Recession30.07735946364
Stimulus10.02578648788
Taxes70.1805054152
Unemployment20.05157297576

Bill Clinton

Party: Democrat
Year: 1994
Total Word Count: 7,432

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Bankruptcy20.02691065662
Banks20.02691065662
Budget70.09418729817
Business100.1345532831
Debt10.01345532831
Dollar10.01345532831
Economy130.174919268
Employee20.02691065662
Empoloyer40.05382131324
Finance40.05382131324
Income80.1076426265
Jobs200.2691065662
Money50.06727664155
Poverty30.04036598493
Taxes130.174919268
Unemployment40.05382131324

George Bush Sr.

Party: Republican
Year: 1990
Total Word Count: 3,777

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Budget80.2118083135
Business10.02647603918
Debt10.02647603918
Dollar10.02647603918
Economy40.1059041567
Jobs20.05295207837
Money40.1059041567
Taxes20.05295207837

Ronald Reagan

Party: Republican
Year: 1982
Total Word Count: 5,154

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Budget80.1552192472
Business70.1358168413
Debt10.0194024059
Dollar70.1358168413
Economy200.388048118
Employee20.0388048118
Expenditures10.0194024059
Finance30.05820721769
Income10.0194024059
Jobs70.1358168413
Money60.1164144354
Recession60.1164144354
Taxes290.5626697711
Unemployment90.1746216531

James Carter, Jr.

Party: Democrat
Year: 1978
Total Word Count: 4,580

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Budget70.1528384279
Business80.1746724891
Dollar40.08733624454
Economy260.5676855895
Employment20.04366812227
Income30.06550218341
Jobs100.2183406114
Poverty10.02183406114
Taxes180.3930131004
Unemployment70.1528384279

Gerald Ford

Party: Republican
Year: 1975
Total Word Count: 4,126

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Budget70.169655841
Business60.1454192923
Debt10.02423654872
Dollar30.07270964615
Economy180.4362578769
Expenditures40.09694619486
Finance10.02423654872
Income100.2423654872
Jobs50.1211827436
Money30.07270964615
Recession10.02423654872
Tariff10.02423654872
Taxes290.7028599127
Unemployment10.02423654872

Richard Nixon

Party: Republican
Year: 1970
Total Word Count: 4,457

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Budget70.1570563159
Business10.02243661656
Debt40.08974646623
Dollar10.02243661656
Economy70.1570563159
Employment10.02243661656
Finance10.02243661656
Income20.04487323312
Money30.06730984967
Poverty10.02243661656
Taxes10.02243661656

Lyndon B. Johnson

Party: Democrat
Year: 1964
Total Word Count: 3,168

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Budget80.2525252525
Business20.06313131313
Dollar40.1262626263
Economy60.1893939394
Employee10.03156565657
Employer10.03156565657
Employment60.1893939394
Expenditures20.06313131313
Finance20.06313131313
Income20.06313131313
Jobs50.1578282828
Money10.03156565657
Poverty90.2840909091
Taxes100.3156565657
Unemployment80.2525252525

John F. Kennedy

Party: Democrat
Year: 1961
Total Word Count: 5,274

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Bankruptcy10.01896094046
Budget70.1327265832
Busines40.07584376185
Dollar120.2275312856
Economy250.4740235116
Employment10.01896094046
Expenditures10.01896094046
Finance40.07584376185
Income30.05688282139
Jobs30.05688282139
Money40.07584376185
Recession40.07584376185
Taxes50.09480470231
Unemployment70.1327265832

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Party: Republican
Year: 1953
Total Word Count: 6,973

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Budget120.1720923562
Business30.04302308906
Debt70.1003872078
Dollar60.08604617812
Economy310.4445719203
Employee20.02868205937
Employer20.02868205937
Employment30.04302308906
Expenditures40.05736411874
Finance20.02868205937
Income40.05736411874
Money20.02868205937
Poverty10.01434102969
Taxes100.1434102969
Unemployment10.01434102969

Harry S. Truman

Party: Democrat
Year: 1946
Total Word Count: 27,465

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Bankruptcy10.003640997633
Banks40.01456399053
Budget580.2111778627
Business680.2475878391
Debt300.109229929
Dollar2120.7718914983
Economy880.3204077917
Employee110.04005097397
Employer30.0109229929
Employment430.1565628982
Expenditures1280.4660476971
Finance370.1347169124
Income290.1055889314
Jobs50.01820498817
Money70.02548698343
Stimulus20.007281995267
Tariff20.007281995267
Taxes300.109229929
Unemployment270.0983069361

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Party: Democrat
Year: 1934
Total Word Count: 2,230

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Banks30.134529148
Business20.08968609865
Debt30.134529148
Dollar10.04484304933
Economy30.134529148
Employment20.08968609865
Finance30.134529148
Money30.134529148
Taxes10.04484304933
Unemployment30.134529148

Herbert Hoover

Party: Republican
Year: 1929
Total Word Count: 10,994

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Bankruptcy10.009095870475
Banks70.06367109332
Budget30.02728761142
Business100.09095870475
Debt30.02728761142
Dollar10.009095870475
Economy160.1455339276
Employee10.009095870475
Employment70.06367109332
Expenditures120.1091504457
Finance50.04547935237
Income80.0727669638
Money10.009095870475
Poverty10.009095870475
Stimulus10.009095870475
Tariff130.1182463162
Taxes130.1182463162
Unemployment30.02728761142

Calvin Coolidge

Party: Republican
Year: 1923
Total Word Count: 6,706

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Budget40.05964807635
Business50.07456009544
Debt50.07456009544
Dollar50.07456009544
Economy80.1192961527
Employee40.05964807635
Employer10.01491201909
Employment30.04473605726
Expenditures40.05964807635
Finance60.08947211452
Income20.02982403817
Money30.04473605726
Tariff30.04473605726
Taxes120.178944229

Warren Harding

Party: Republican
Year: 1921
Total Word Count: 5,606

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Budget30.05351409204
Business20.03567606136
Debt30.05351409204
Dollar10.01783803068
Economy100.1783803068
Employee10.01783803068
Employer10.01783803068
Employment60.1070281841
Expenditures10.01783803068
Finance50.08919015341
Money30.05351409204
Poverty10.01783803068
Tariff120.2140563682
Taxes40.07135212273
Unemployment0.03567606136

Woodrow Wilson

Party: Democrat
Year: 1913
Total Word Count: 3,553

WordFrequencyPercentage of Speech
Business90.2533070645
Economy20.05629045877
Employee10.02814522938
Employer10.02814522938
Employment10.02814522938
Money10.02814522938

Frequency adjusted for speech length.
Similar variations of words were combined. For example: budget, budgets, budgetary, budgeted, and budgeting are all categorized under “budget.”

Source: The American Presidency Project — http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/sou.php